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HOW TO WRITE A RESEARCH PAPER
Most scientific fields (and paper formats) have their own specific rules
and standards of writing. The most used standards for referencing in
research papers are
STRUCTURE OF A RESEARCH PAPER
The outline of the academic paper is very similar for most branches of science. When writing a scientific paper, you will need to adjust to the academic format. The structure of a research paper might seem quite stiff, but it serves a purpose: It will help find information you are looking for easily and also help structure your thoughts and communication. An empirical paper frequently follows this structure:
The following parts may be acceptable to include in some scientific standards, but may be inappropriate for other standards.
OTHER TECHNICAL ISSUES OF ACADEMIC WRITING
Some paper formats allow you to include footnotes in the text, while some do not allow footnotes. Authors frequently want to include tables and figures in the text. Sometimes the format or standard prohibits the authors from entering tables and figures directly into the text (where you want your table). Sometimes they have to be included after the main text.
Publication of your article can be a very time-consuming process. After
writing the academic paper, the researchers
submit it to a journal. Typically
you start with the most regarded journal and then work yourself down the
list, until a journal accepts the article.
Scientific journals use
peer review process, which is a
panel of other researchers (most likely in the same field) who review
the work, to ensure that the quality of the paper.
Publication bias is a well known
phenomenon, as the
peer review process often rejects
journal rejection does not
necessarily mean that you do not have a chance to resubmit the journal
Journals mostly have a strong preference for articles that do find
something, which means something other than an outcome consistent with
the null hypothesis. That is, they prefer 'positive' results. The
preference makes sense for at least two reasons. One is that
'unexpected' results are regarded as better than expected ones, and
confirming the null hypothesis is, from this perspective, a very boring
an predictable thing to do. Another reason is scarcity of space. Even if
null results are in some sense part of science, they're less likely to
get cited or built on than positive results. (http://effortlessincitement.blogspot.com/2009/01/proposal-journal-of-null-results.html)
John W. Creswell, Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed
Methods Approaches, SAGE Publications, Inc., 2009.